java.lang.Math.nextAfter()

Description

On this document we will be showing a java example on how to use the nextAfter() method of Math Class. The nextAfter() returns the returns the floating-point number adjacent to the first argument in the direction of the second argument. Make a note that the nextAfter() method is overloaded which means that we have more than one method with the same name under the Math class. Below are the two overloaded method of the nextAfter().

  • public static double nextAfter(double start, double direction)
  • public static float nextAfter(float start, float direction)

The two overloaded methods are basically the same, it’s just that they deal with different data type either float or double.

Most of the methods of the Math class is static and the nextAfter() method is no exception. Thus don’t forget that in order to call this method, you don’t have to create a new object. Use the method in the format Math.nextAfter(start, direction).

Notes:

  • If either argument is a NaN, then NaN is returned.
  • If both arguments are signed zeros, direction is returned unchanged (as implied by the requirement of returning the second argument if the arguments compare as equal).
  • If start is ±Double.MIN_VALUE and direction has a value such that the result should have a smaller magnitude, then a zero with the same sign as start is returned.
  • If start is infinite and direction has a value such that the result should have a smaller magnitude, Double.MAX_VALUE with the same sign as start is returned.
  • If start is equal to ± Double.MAX_VALUE and direction has a value such that the result should have a larger magnitude, an infinity with same sign as start is returned.

Method Syntax

public static float nextAfter(float start, float direction)
public static double nextAfter(double start, double direction)

Method Returns

The nextAfter() method returns the floating-point number adjacent to start in the direction of direction.

Compatibility

Requires Java 1.6 and up

Java Math nextAfter() Example

Below is a java code demonstrates the use of nextAfter() method of Math class. The example presented might be simple however it shows the behavior of the nextAfter() method.

The above java example source code demonstrates the use of nextAfter() method of Math class. We simply ask for two user input and we use the Scanner class to parse it. Since we have used the nextLine() method to get the console value which is having a return data type of String thus we have used the Double.parseDouble() to transform it into double. Alternatively if the requirements is to use float then you must use the Float.parseFloat() instead. This conversion is required because the argument for nextAfter() method only accepts either float or double.

Sample Output

Below is the sample output when you run the above example.

java lang Math nextAfter() example output